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BAHIA, Raimundo Ruy Pereira; SILVA, W. F. Shaped Charge: a powerful explosive surface seismic source. Geophysical Prospecting, New York, v. 21, n. 4, p. 746-762, 1973. 

RESUMO

The directional effect of shaped charge is a well-known feature used for a long time in military weapons, oil well guns, and steel industry. This charge was sucessfully applied as a seismic energy source by Petrobrás during the past three years under different surface and geological conditions. Preliminary amplitude measurements taken with fixed gain shallow refraction instruments showed a consistent difference between conventional and shaped charges. Lately, a similar difference has been noted in deep reflection energy recorded with digital binary gain instruments as well as in deep oil well velocity surveys. Direct comparisons along more than 50 km of multiple coverage field reflection shooting are in agreement with these results and have proved the practical advantage of this source as compared to conventional dynamite. This source has been used since 1971 in routine seismic operation in the Amazon jungle with 300 gram unit charges distributed in small and large shot arrays increasing substantially the coverage and halving the cost at a higher record quality. A large amount of production seismic field work has been carried out in several other areas attesting the successful application of the shaped charges.  

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